Sun Conure: A Comprehensive Guide to Care and Behavior

Companion birds have long been popular, and the sun conure is no exception. It is brilliantly colorful, personable, and full of personality. These clever, tame parrots are well-suited as family pets because of their lively dispositions and intelligence.

One of the loudest medium-sized parrots, owners should be ready for this noisy bird. Conures are therefore excellent companions, but they are not recommended for novices as they need intensive, regular training, daily socialization, and engagement in order to remain well-mannered.

Origin and History

The sun conure is native to Guyana, northern Brazil, Venezuela, and northeastern South America. Sun conure habitats are primarily found in inland tropical regions, while they can also be found in coastal forests and dry savanna woodlands. Fruit trees and palm groves are typically home to them. For how long sun conures live in the wild is still unknown to researchers.

The current state of this endangered bird species is quickly declining because to habitat degradation and trapping for the pet trade. Despite the European Union’s 2007 prohibition and the United States’ 1992 import restriction, the World Parrot Trust reports that over the past three decades, populations have decreased dramatically.


The sun conure is a humorous, playful bird that likes to perform athletic stunts. These birds are intelligent, gregarious, and simple to educate. As long as they are given proper care, sun conures are generally quite loving and cuddly birds that are friendly toward every member of the household. Despite their confidence, birds can become hostile very quickly if they feel threatened. Even the calmest house bird is capable of biting when startled.

When given the necessary attention, they are innately lively and kind, which makes them especially suitable for people looking for a reliable companion bird. These birds might benefit from having a friend who is also a sun conure. In the wild, the loud, shrill call is used to draw attention to critical conditions from a great distance. In the same way, this bird makes a great substitute watchdog for your house

Speech and Vocalizations

The harsh, loud calls of this bird in captivity may provoke retaliatory calls from irate neighbors. Those who live in apartments or condos should not own this bird. Since conures are not timid birds, they will loudly communicate to you when their requirements are not met or when they are bored.

Though certain sun conures have an amazing capacity to replicate other sounds, such doorbells, microwave buzzers, and telephone chimes, the birds are not known for their ability to speak.

Caring for Quaker Parrots: Tips for Happy, Healthy Birds

Macaw Parrot Price In India, Care, Diet, Challenges & More

Sun Conure Colors and Markings

A sun conure’s mature form is vivid orange and yellow with hints of blue and green. As a natural protection mechanism, juvenile sun conures are not nearly as colorful as adults. The earliest feathers are olive green, but after around six months of age, they start to turn a blend of yellow and orange.

Full-color plumage occurs at approximately 18 months to two years of age. Sun conures have black beaks and feet and characteristic white patches around each eye. Their coloring and markings are the same for both sexes. To determine sex, your bird would require genetic testing or a surgical sexing procedure.

Caring for a Sun Conure

Being an active bird, the sun conure will thrive in a large enclosure. If your bird is on the smaller side, make sure its cage measures at least 30 inches by 30 inches in footprint and at least 36 inches high. In order to keep the bird from having their head trapped between the bars, make sure the cage has reasonably small bar spacing (3/4 to one inch). For your bird’s comfort, keep the house between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The sun conure, like the majority of other parrot species, need secure spaces outside of its cage to explore and learn. Think about including a flight cage or perch.

Sun conures, like most pet birds, need to be trained if you want a happy and enjoyable bond with them. This parrot may be trained to perform a variety of athletic skills by using positive reinforcement strategies. When provided with a shallow water bowl, sun conures have a tendency to like bathing and will splash around every day.

Common Health Problems

The sun conure is susceptible to feather picking, just like other conures and parrots. This indicates, more often than not, that the bird is bored or not getting enough attention.

Proventricular dilatation disease and psittacine beak and feather disease are two other avian viral diseases that conures are susceptible to.3- Infections with aspergillosis, a fungal illness, and psittacosis, a bacterial infection, can also harm them.Four You will need an avian veterinarian or exotics specialist to examine your bird if you think it might be sick. This specialist veterinarian should do yearly examinations for you.

Diet and Nutrition

Sun conures mostly eat fruit, nuts, and seeds in the wild. They thrive in captivity on a specially prepared, well-balanced pellet diet that is augmented with fruits, leafy greens, and root vegetables. Offer roughly 1/8 to 1/4 cup of fresh fruits and vegetables in the morning and at night.

A sun conure requires and enjoys food much like other companion birds do, so choose nutritious treats for them. As a treat now and then, nuts and seeds are always a nice option. It freezes well to provide your bird with a balanced, portioned feed. Steer clear of chocolate, caffeine-containing items, and too salty foods for your sun conure. Given that sun conures are lactose intolerant, provide any dairy items in moderation as well.

Hyacinth Macaw: Appearance, Distribution, Habits & More

The Enigmatic Rose-Ringed Parakeet: A Colorful Intruder


Like all birds, healthy living depends on getting enough activity. Due to their naturally high level of activity, sun conures require plenty of room to soar, explore, and play.

Every day, your sun conure should be able to spend at least three hours outside of its cage. For these astute birds, foraging and other sorts of enrichment are vital. To keep your pet from getting bored, make sure you provide them a range of engaging toys (such as wooden toys, bell-shaped toys, and shreddable toys) and switch them out on a regular basis.

Leave a Comment