How many Types of Snakes in India?

There is an incredible diversity of snakes in India, a country with a rich biodiversity, a country with fascinating fauna. Since ancient times, these mysterious reptiles have attracted people’s curiosity, horror, and amazement. We’ll learn about some of the types of snakes in India present on the Indian subcontinent as we delve into the realm of serpents that adorn this region. In this article, we’ll tell you the types of snakes in India.

King Cobra

As the world’s longest venomous snake, the King Cobra is revered as the undisputed king of Indian snakes. Its enormous size, lethal poison, and extraordinary capacity to stand upright can make anyone shudder. Despite being poisonous, the King Cobra rarely threatens people since it prefers to stay away from conflict. It is a crucial predator in the environment because it mostly preys on other snakes.

Rat snake    

This olive-brown snake is lovely and harmless.  adorned with cross bars in black and white that progressively fade around the mid-body.  This can become obstinate and combative if agitated, although temperaments differ. It consumes amphibians and small mammals.  It can be found all over India, though southwest India is where it is most prevalent. It is thought to be the female cobra in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. Information about breeding practices is scant. Additionally, implantation might take place in January, and hatchlings might be born in July. 

Read also: Top 10 Most Venomous Sea Snakes In The World

Russell’s Viper

The Russell’s Viper, which is widely dispersed over the Indian subcontinent, is to blame for many of the region’s snakebites. Although it is easily identifiable thanks to its distinctive triangular head and dorsal zigzag pattern, it might be difficult to identify due to its well-camouflaged appearance. It contributes significantly to preserving the ecological balance as a poisonous pit viper by consuming small rodents.

Tree Snake  

This non-venomous snake prefers to reside high in trees.  It has consistently ruddy brown skin that mixes in beautifully with the vegetation.  This active snake slithers fast and restlessly across the ground and between the trees.  It surprises the target.  and primarily feeds lizards and tree frogs.  On rare occasions, it also feeds on birds.  Although each snake has a different disposition, it is often energetic and courageous.  This perfectly harmless snake, which is found in southern India and the foothills of the Himalayas, is supposed to be fatally venomous.  This snake lays eggs, making it oviparous. Birds are oviparous creatures, for example.  4-6 weeks after being laid, the 6-7 eggs that make up a clutch (the total number of eggs laid at once) hatch.

Flying Snake or Golden Tree Snake  

This gorgeous, non-venomous black snake has crossbars that are a delicate, greenish-yellow color.  It prefers trees and is most severe during the day.  But it can also frequently be seen on low bushes and in the grass.  It mostly consumes geckos and other reptiles for food.  Laying of the 6-12 eggs occurs in May, and hatchlings have been observed in June.

Python snake

One of the largest snakes on the Indian subcontinent is the Python snake, commonly known as Ajgar. It is a member of the family Boidae and is very reliant on water. The ability to raise body temperature above the ambient level through muscle contractions makes Indian rock pythons one of a kind. 

Common Krait

The Common Krait is a deadly snake that is common across the country and spends the majority of its time at night. Despite frequently appearing friendly, it is one of the most deadly snakes in India due to its potent neurotoxic venom. Thankfully, kraits usually stay alone and only bite when provoked. Increased awareness and conservation efforts are largely to blame for the decline in human-snake conflicts.

Read also: Two-Headed Snake In The World With High Amount Of Venom 

Saw-scaled Viper 

The Sliding Saw Vipers are small, dangerous creatures that inhabit arid landscapes like deserts and scrublands. Its name is derived from the peculiar “sawing” noise it makes when in danger by rubbing its scales together. Due to their elusiveness and swift attacks, snakes have resulted in several occurrences of snakebites, highlighting how important it is to comprehend and respect these animals.


Types of Snakes in India: The abundance of snakes in India is evidence of the enormous biodiversity of the nation. Although sometimes misunderstood and feared, these fascinating reptiles perform a crucial part in preserving ecological balance by managing insect populations. People must be attentive, knowledgeable, and cautious when around snakes in order to live in harmony with them. For these amazing species to survive and for the environment as a whole to be healthy, it is essential to protect their natural habitats and promote harmony with them.

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